Speech or Language Impairments
There are four generally recognized types of Speech or Language Impairments:
*Fluency Disorder means the repetition of sounds, syllables, and words; prolongation of sounds; avoidance of words; silent blocks/ or inappropriate inhalation, exhalation, or phonation patterns. These patterns may be accompanied by facial and body movements associated with the effort to speak.
*Voice Disorder means the absence of voice or presences of abnormal quality, pitch, resonance, loudness, or duration.
*Articulation Disorder means the absence of or incorrect production of speech sounds or phonological processes that are developmentally appropriate.
*Expressive and/or Receptive Language Disorder means a breakdown in communication as characterized by problems in expressing needs, ideas, or information that may be accompanied by problems in understanding.